Ronald Davis, author of The Gift of Dyslexia , has created a list of thirty-seven common traits and behaviors (symptoms) of people who have dyslexia.  

If a person possesses nine or ten of these traits or symptoms of dyslexia, the Dyslexia Correction ®Program may be helpful in correcting the problems associated with dyslexia.


General

Vision, Reading and Spelling

Hearing and Speech

Writing and Motor Skills

Math and Time Management

Memory and Cognition

Behavior, Health, Development, and Personality



General

  • Appears bright, highly intelligent, and articulate, but unable to read, write, or spell at grade level. 
  • Labeled lazy, dumb, careless, immature, "not trying hard enough," or "behavior problem." 
  • Isn't "behind enough" or "bad enough" to receive extra help in the school setting. 
  • High I.Q., yet may not test well academically; tests well orally, but not in written form. 
  • Feels dumb; has poor self esteem; hides or covers up weaknesses with ingenious compensatory strategies; easily frustrated and emotional about school reading or testing. 
  • Talented in art, drama, music, sports, mechanics, story telling, sales, business, designing, building, or engineering.
  • Seems to "zone out" or daydream often; gets “lost” easily or loses track of time. 
  • Difficulty sustaining attention; seems "hyper" or is considered a "daydreamer." 
  • Learns best through hands on experience, demonstrations, experimentation, observation, and visual aids. 


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Vision, Reading, and Spelling

  • Complains of dizziness, headaches, or stomachaches while reading.
  • Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations.
  • Reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions, omissions, substitutions, and reversals in letters, numbers, and/or words. 
  • Complains of feeling or seeing non existent movement while reading, writing, or copying. 
  • Seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don't reveal a problem.
  • Extremely keen-sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception and peripheral vision. 
  • Reads and rereads with little comprehension. 
  • Spells phonetically and inconsistently.


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Hearing and Speech

  • Has extended hearing; hears things not said or apparent to others; easily distracted by sounds. 
  • Difficulty putting thoughts into words; speaks in halting phrases; leaves sentences incomplete; stutters under stress; mispronounces long words, or transposes phrases, words, and syllables when speaking.


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Writing and Motor Skills

  • Trouble with writing or copying; pencil grip is unusual; handwriting varies or is illegible. 
  • Clumsy, uncoordinated, poor at ball or team sports; difficulties with fine and/or gross motor skills and tasks; prone to motion sickness. 
  • Can be ambidextrous, and often confuses left/right, over/under.  


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Math and Time Management

  • Has difficulty telling time, managing time, learning sequenced information or tasks, or being on time. 
  • Computing math shows dependence on finger counting and other tricks; knows answers, but can't do it on paper.
  • Can count, but has difficulty counting objects and dealing with money. 
  • Can do arithmetic, but fails word problems; cannot grasp algebra or higher math.


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Memory and Cognition

  • Excellent long term memory for experiences, locations, and faces. 
  • Poor memory for sequences, facts, and information that has not been experienced.
  • Thinks primarily with images and feeling, not sounds or words (little internal dialogue.


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Behavior, Health, Development, and Personality

  • Extremely disorderly or compulsively orderly. 
  • Can be class clown, troublemaker, or too quiet. 
  • Had unusually early or late developmental stages (talking, crawling, walking, tying shoes, etc.).
  • Prone to ear infections; sensitive to foods, additives, and chemical products. 
  • Can be an extra deep or light sleeper; bedwetting beyond appropriate age. 
  • Unusually high or low tolerance for pain. 
  • Strong sense of justice; emotionally sensitive; strives for perfection.
  • Mistakes and symptoms increase dramatically with confusion, time pressure, emotional stress, or poor health.

          © 1992 by Ronald Davis Used with Permission

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Unlocking Learning & Creativity

Professional services described as Davis™, Davis Dyslexia Correction®, Davis Symbol Mastery®, Davis Orientation Counseling®, Davis Math Mastery® and Davis Learning Strategies® may only be provided by persons who are employed by a licensed Davis Specialist, or who are trained and licensed as Davis Facilitators by Davis Dyslexia Association International®.
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